Additives are added to most foods we consume today. These additives perform various functions. Some affect the taste and color of food; others affect the shelf life of the product. All additives have their E-number and have to be listed on the packaging of the product.

Children with attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) should be avoided eating food with some of E-numbers. In addition to ADHD, there are other side effects of some additives:

E110 – Sunset yellow

  • Possible health effects: ADHD, carcinogenic effects, allergen, nausea, severe weight loss, and vomiting.
  • Where found: mustard, jelly, marzipan, jams, soup, sauces and tinned fish, bakery products, sweets, ice cream, soft drinks.
  • Made of: There is not much information about the production process of this dye, previously coal tar was used as a raw material.
  • Where banned: Norway.

E110 – sunset yellow

E102 – Tartazine

  • Possible health effects: ADHD, allergic reactions, including asthma attacks.
  • Where found: soups, custard powder, mustard, marmalade, jelly, marzipan, ice lollies, and fizzy drinks. squash, fruit juice, chocolate, tinned fruit, tinned sauces, spice.
  • Made of: E102 is yellow food coloring powder is obtained synthetically from coal tar.
  • Where banned: Austria and Norway.

E122 – Carmoisine

  • Possible health effects: ADHD, allergic reactions.
  • Where found: jelly, jam, sweets, flavored yoghurts, marzipan, packet soup and blancmange.
  • Made of: E122is a red, synthetic food coloring from coal tar.
  • Where banned: America, Norway, Japan and Sweden.

E124 – Ponceau 4R / cochineal red

  • Possible health effects: ADHD.
  • Where found: all sorts of products, including jelly, soups, packet cake mixes, tinned fruits, dessert topping and salami.
  • Made of: E124is a synthetic coal tar and azo dye that turns food products bright red.
  • Where banned: America and Norway.

E129 – Allura red

  • Possible health effects: ADHD, allergic reactions; carcinogenicity has been demonstrated in animals.
  • Where found: sweets, fizzy drinks, salami, dessert, pet food, cosmetics, medicines, shampoo.
  • Made of: E129 is synthetic coal tar and petroleum The p-credine compound is used for production.
  • Where banned: many other countries, including Belgium, France, Germany, Sweden, Austria and Norway.

E104 – Quinoline yellow

  • Possible health effects: ADHD, dermatitis.
  • Where found: scotch eggs, smoked haddock, ice cream; cosmetics such as hair products, lipsticks and perfumes.
  • Made of: E104 is a green-yellow dye produced synthetically by distillation of coal tar, bones, alkaloids, or by reaction of acetaldehyde with acetaldehyde or formaldehyde.
  • Where banned: in many other countries, including Australia, America, Japan and Norway.

E211 – Sodium benzoate

  • Possible health effects: ADHD, allergic reactions, asthma, it damage the DNA structure and thus cause some hereditary diseases (eg Parkinson’s disease).
  • Where found: soft drinks, margarine, salad dressing, soya sauce, sweets, some sauces, cucumbers, fruit juice, jam, cheese, fruit salads, packaged cod; shampoo, deodorant, skin cream with pH less than 4.
  • Made of: E211 is a preservative produced by a chemical process – neutralization of benzoic acid (produced by oxidation of toluene) with sodium hydroxide.
  • Where banned: nowhere.

To avoid the consumption of dyes and other harmful additives, we need to know the harmful E-numbers and carefully read the composition of the everyday products we buy.