The largest nuclear explosion in history occurred 60 years ago. This explosion was organized by the Soviet Union. He used a 27-ton bomb called the Tsar Bomb. It exploded on October 30, 1961 over the New Earth archipelago in the Arctic Ocean. The Tsar Bomba was a hydrogen aerial bomb and the most powerful nuclear weapon ever created and tested.
The largest nuclear test in history
The bomb has been under development since 1954. Nikita Khrushchev wanted the bomb to be 100 megatons (100 million tons), and Soviet designers eventually succeeded “only” half of it, 50 megatons. By comparison, the Little Boy atomic bomb, which American pilots dropped on Japanese Hiroshima on August 6, 1945, had a force of 15 kilotons (15,000 tons).
After this nuclear test came a great wave of international criticism. The UN has accused the USSR of unnecessarily polluting the air with senseless blasts. An area of 180 kilometers in diameter was contaminated with a lethal dose of radioactivity, and the shock wave circled the Earth three times. Nuclear tests have permanently destroyed many places where they have destroyed all life. In 1963, the Soviet Union and the United States signed a treaty to ban nuclear testing.
Below you can watch a video from the explosion, published by the Russian state company Rosatom.